Originally the capital of the Median Empire and later a key city in the Persian, Seleucid, and Parthian empires. According to the Greek historian Herodotus, Ecbatana (modern Hamadan), located in the Zagros Mountains directly east of central Mesopotamia, was first erected by the early Median ruler Deioces in the seventh century b.c. "Deioces' first act was to command his subjects to build a palace worthy of a king," Herodotus claims.
   The Medes complied. They built a large and well-defended palace on a site he himself indicated. . . . Deioces [then] put pressure on the Medes to build a single great city to which, as the capital of the country, all other towns were to be held of secondary importance. Again they complied, and the city now known as Ecbatana was built, a place of great size and strength fortified by concentric walls, these so planned that each successive circle was higher than the one below it by the height of the battlements. . . . The circles are seven in number, and the innermost contains the royal palace and treasury. .. . The battlements of the five outer rings are painted in different colors, the first white, the second black, the third crimson, the fourth blue, the fifth orange; the battlements of the two inner rings are plated with silver and gold respectively. (Histories 1.98-99)
   Modern scholars suspect that Herodotus's description of Ecbatana, which he never saw in person, may be partly fanciful. The concentric battlements rising in height may be a garbled account of a ziggurat, a structure common to cities of the region in that era. Unfortunately, the truth may never be known. Modern Hamadan almost completely overlays ancient Ecbatana, so very little archaeological work has been done there, and the prospect of future digs remains uncertain. Herodotus's mention of silver and gold does square with other ancient accounts of Ecbatana, which say that its palace was splendidly decorated with these precious metals. What is more certain is that after the fall of Media, the Persian kings used Ecbatana as their summer residence, and the city served as a capital under the Seleucids and the Parthians.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ecbatana — (Old Persian: Haŋgmatana , written Agbatana in Aeschylus and Herodotus, Agámtanu by Nabonidos, and Agamatanu at Behistun; modern Hamadan, Iran) (literally: the place of gathering ) is supposed to be the capital of Astyages ( Istuvegü ), which was …   Wikipedia

  • Ecbatana — [ek bat′ n ə] capital of ancient Media, on the site of modern HAMADAN (Iran) …   English World dictionary

  • Ecbatana — Rhyton dorado de Irán perteneciente al período aqueménida. Excavado en Ecbatana. Se encuentra en el Museo Nacional de Irán. Bajo el dominio de los reyes persas, Ecbatana, situado a los pies del Monte Elvend, se convirtió en una residencia de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ECBATANA — I. ECBATANA plur. num. metropolis Mediae, vel ut quidam existimant, regia quaedam magna a Deioce rege Medorum. Strab. l. 11. Ceterum Echatana Polyb. l. 10. videntur πλούτῳ καὶ τῇ τῆς καταςκευῆς πολυτελείᾳ μέγα τι παρα τὰς ἄλλας διενηνο χέναι… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ecbatana — /ek bat n euh/, n. ancient name of Hamadan. * * * ▪ ancient city, Iran       ancient city on the site of which stands the modern city of Hamadān (Hamadan) (q.v.), Iran. Ecbatana was the capital of Media and was subsequently the summer residence… …   Universalium

  • ECBATANA Syriae — quae Α᾿γβάτανα proprie, memorat Steph. ex Herod. quum editiones Herod. hodie legant Ε᾿κβατανα. Sed et Mediae metropolim quosdam Α᾿γβάτανα dixisse, ex Isid. Characeno docet Salmas. qua de re vide in voce Ecbatana. Syriae autem urbem hoc nomine… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ecbatana — geographical name see Hamadan …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ecbatana — noun /ɛkˈbætənə/ Ancient city in Iran on the site of modern Hamadan. The capital of Media and subsequently a royal residence of Persian and Parthian kings …   Wiktionary

  • Ecbatana —    (Ezra 6:2 marg.). (See Achmetha.) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ecbátana — ► Antigua c. de Asia, en el oeste del actual Irán, cap. de la Media (ss. VII VI a C). Es la actual Hamadān …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”